Middle Ages

c. 600 C.E.-1350 C.E.

Guibert of Nogent (1055-1124). How to Make a Sermon. See translation in:  George E. McCracken, ed. and trans. Early Medieval Theology (Library of Christian Classics, vol. 9; Philadephia: Westminster John Knox Press, 2006).

Hugh of St. Victor (1078-1141). Didascalicon, Book 4-6 (see also the Latin) and On Sacred Scripture and Its Authors and The Diligent Examiner. For English translations for all three see: Franklin T. Harkins and Frans van Liere, eds. Interpretation of Scripture: Theory, A Selection of Works of Hugh, Andrew, Richard and Godfrey of St. Victor. New York: New City Press, 2013.

Peter Abelard (1079-1142). Prologue to Sic et Non.

Bonaventure (1217-1274). The Breviloquium.

Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). Summa Theologica. See First Part, Q. 1, Articles 1, 9, 10, and his discussion of how the Church is to understand and apply the Old Testament found in First Part of the Second Part, QQ. 98-104.

Nicholas of Lyra (1270-1349). Postilla litteralis, First and Second Prologue and Postilla moralis, Third Prologue. For English translations of these Prologues and further discussion see: James George Kiecker, Hermeneutical Principles and Exegetical Methods of Nicholas of Lyra, O.F.M., Ca. 1270-1349 (Marquette University, 1978).

See also:

Boynton, Susan and Diane J. Reilly, eds. The Practice of the Bible in the Middle Ages: Production, Reception, and Performance in Western Christianity. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.

De Lubac, Henri. Medieval Exegesis: The Four Senses of Scripture, volumes 1-4. Translated by Mark Sebanc or E.M. Macierowski. Grand Rapids: WB Eerdmans, 1998, 2000, 2009, TBA (4th volume not yet translated). If these volumes are too much to read through, try his condensed discussion in Scripture in the Tradition (New York: Crossroad Publishing, 2001).

Smalley, Beryl. Study of the Bible in the Middle Ages. Notre Dame: Notre Dame Press, 1978.